BACH, Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (Awake a Voice Is Calling Us; 1731), First Movement: Chorus and Orchestra - 6:05 

Listen for the dotted rhythms (long-short, long-short) and syncopations in the opening orchestral ritornello. Notice the polyphonic texture of three simultaneous layers of sound: choral phrases in long notes in the soprano, imitative dialogue in shorter notes in three lower voices, and the orchestra playing in even shorter notes.

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