ARLEN, Over the Rainbow (1938) - 2:13
The classic ballad Over the Rainbow, with music by Harold Arlen and words by E. Y. Harburg, was voted the best movie song of all time by the American Film Institute and the National Endowment for the Arts. This song was written for the movie The Wizard of Oz (1939), starring the seventeen-year-old Judy Garland as the Kansas farm girl Dorothy Gale.
BRITTEN, The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra - 17:23
Piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, tambourine, triangle, Chinese block, xylophone, castanets, gong, whip, harp, 1st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses
Listen for the characteristic tone colors of the woodwind, brass, string, and percussion sections and the individual instruments from these sections (Variations 1–13).
0:00 1. a. Full orchestra, very loud (ff), main melody in violins, cymbal crashes.
0:26 b. Brass melody, pulsating accompaniment in strings.
1:13 c. Full orchestra, main melody in violins, cymbal crashes.
1:25 2. Soft (p, contrasting oboe melody. Melody repeated by flute. Clarinet and violins continue.
2:16 3. a. Full orchestra, very loud (ff), main melody in violins, cymbal crashes.
2:27 b. Brass melody, pulsating accompaniment in strings.
2:52 c. Cymbals, very loud orchestral close.
WAGNER, Lohengrin, Prelude to Act III (1848) - 2:57
3 flutes, 3 oboes, 3 clarinets, 3 bassoons, 4 French horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, bass tuba, timpani, triangle, cymbals, tambourine, 1st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses
Listen for contrast of dynamics and tone color between the full orchestra (in 1.a.) and the oboe melody (in 2).
TCHAIKOVSKY, Dance of the Reed Pipes from Nutcracker Suite - 2:06
Three-part (ternary) form: A B A′
Moderato assai (very moderate), duple meter, D major 3 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, 4 French horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, cymbals, 1st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses
Listen for the three-part form (A B A′) and the differences between sections A and B in tone color, melody, and the use of major and minor keys.
BIZET, Farandole from L’Arlésienne Suite No. 2 - 3:09
Allegro deciso (forceful allegro), march tempo, quadruple meter, D minor
Listen for the contrast between the homophonic texture of the opening for full orchestra and the polyphonic texture when the main melody played by violins is imitated by violas (in 1.a-b). Also notice the polyphonic texture when two different melodies are set against each other (in 4).
ELLINGTON, C-Jam Blues - 2:38
Piano, violin, 2 trumpets, cornet, 2 trombones, valve trombone, clarinet, 2 alto saxophones, 2 tenor saxophones, baritone saxophone, guitar, bass, percussion
Listen for different tone colors of the piano, saxophone, violin, muted cornet, muted trombone, and clarinet (during 1-7), and the contrast between instruments playing with and without accompaniment.
STRAVINSKY, The Firebird, Scene 2
Piccolo, 3 flutes, 3 oboes, English horn, 3 clarinets, bass clarinet, 3 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 French horns, 6 trumpets, tuba, timpani, triangle, cymbals, bass drum, 3 harps, 1st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses
Listen for gradual crescendo (dynamics) and the repetition of the main melody in increasingly higher octaves (pitch) during 1.a-e.
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